Maryland wraps around the Chesa- peake Bay and reaches west to the
Appalachian Mountains, still largely rural areas. But the corridor that stretches
from Baltimore suburbs to Washington
DC is densely populated. In eastern
Maryland the Atlantic ocean moderates
the weather year-round but adds humidity. Fortunately, the historic towns
and resorts along the shore offer endless
ways for summer visitors to cool off.
Baltimore is the state’s largest city,
with boatloads of tourist attractions
at its Inner Harbor. The capital, Annapolis, is steeped in maritime history, proudly exhibited at the US Naval
Academy Museum. Not all of Maryland’s visitor attractions are manmade,
however. The state boasts 17 national
parks in all counties, where options
for hiking, horseback riding, camping,
and picnicking are never very far.
Maryland residents claim the US’
highest median household incomes,
making the “Old Line State” the
wealthiest in the nation. And while the
poverty rate is growing in many states,
the number of Maryland households
below the poverty line continues to decline. As of November 2013, the state’s
unemployment rate was 6. 4 percent.
As a border state, Maryland shows
characteristics of both Southern and
Northern history and culture. In
2012, 30 percent of residents identi-
fied as African Americans, 6 percent as
Asian American, 60. 8 percent as White
Maryland’s economic activity is affected by the Port of Baltimore—a busy
transportation hub—and proximity
to the nation’s capital. White-collar
workers provide technical and administrative help for the defense/aerospace
industry and bio-research laboratories,
as well as staffing for federal government offices. They comprise 25 percent of the state’s labor force.
Maryland is home to more than 400
biotech companies, making it a major
center for life sciences research and development. Yet this tiny state also produces a lot of the nation’s food, from
commercial fishing in Chesapeake Bay
and the Atlantic ocean to dairy, chickens,
and produce in the Piedmont region.
A bonus for senior residents are
the medical research facilities at Johns
Hopkins University, now the largest single employer in the Baltimore area. Its
hospital ranks first in the state and near
the top in the nation for specialties like
Geriatrics, Neurology and Neurosurgery, Rheumatology, and Urology.